Most healthy people who get the flu recover without serious complications or long-term health effects. However, some people are at high risk for serious complications.
According to the CDC people who should be considered in the high risk group includes:
- all children aged 6–23 months
- adults aged 65 years and older
- persons aged 2–64 years with underlying chronic medical conditions
- all women who will be pregnant during the flu season
- residents of nursing homes and long-term care facilities
- children aged 6 months–18 years on chronic aspirin therapy
- health-care workers involved in direct patient care and
- out-of-home caregivers and household contacts of children aged <6 months.
If you do not fall into one of those groups, these common sense precautions can help you avoid getting the flu and reduce the chances that you might pass it along to others:
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- When you're sick, keep your distance from others.
- If possible, stay home from work, school, and errands when you are sick.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing.
- Wash your hands often.
- Try to avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth (people often pick up germs by touching a
contaminated surface and then touching the eyes, nose, or mouth).